Organ Donation

The permission, given with free will, for his tissues and organs to be used by other people after the end of his/her life medically, is called ORGAN DONATION.

TRANSPLANTATION means that a patient to be cured by putting a new, healthy organ from a dead or an alive person, in place of the organs which are unable to serve because of the incurable diseases

The diseases which are possible to cure only with organ donation, are the important health problems in the world as well as in our country. In our country where an increasing number of people are waiting for transplantation, to raise the societies awareness about the transplantation, has been obligatory. According to Turkish Society of Nephrology’s year end figures, just the number of patients who wait for a kidney transplant are 23,000. So many patients has passed away so far, due to lack of organ donors. To take an organ from a cadaver, death which is medical (brain death) must have happened. According to the law dated 29/05/1979 and article number 2238 about taking organ or taking, keeping, injecting the tissue, the state of brain death is determined after applying every possibilities and rules depending on the level of science reached in the country, by a 4-person board of physicians, which is formed of a cardiologist, a neurologist, a neurosurgeon and in anesthesiology and reanimation specialist (Article 11).

After completing the clinical and laboratory investigations and evaluation, the patient’s brain death decision is taken by these four-person board. The board which makes this decision is formed by completely different people than the patient’s permanent doctor and the team which will make the transplantation. (Article 12). It is impossible for the patient, who is in this situation, cannot do respiration himself. However the respiration of the patient continues as connected to the machine and now there is no turning back. A recovered brain death event hasn’t been encountered so far. Organ transplant surgery is done meticulously by surgical teams in operating conditions, and skin will be covered by blind stitch and the maximum respect is showed to donor’s body.

Organ donation has no drawbacks regarding to religious aspects. With the decision of High Board of Religious Affairs Presidency of Religious Affairs, dated 6.3/1980 and numbered 396 , the transplantation is permissible. With this decision, transplantation is being qualified as the greatest favor a person can do to another person and it is said that the person whom you are going to donate your organ, is responsible of its own goodness and viciousness . It has been declared in our Holy Book “Qur’an” that "Whoever gives a life to a person, he will earn a life as though he gave life to all the people” (Maide Sura, Verse 32) .

The organs which can be transplanted are:

The people who will receive the organ will be determined primarily according to their blood and tissue grups and then to the medical emergency status. Gender, race, religion, rich-poor are not taken into consideration. Everyone who is 18 years old and is mentally healthy, can donate his whole or a part of his organs. The suitability of the organ for donation is investigated by attendants after the death of the donor. If someone decides to give up with organ donation, it will be sufficient to stop carrying the donation card and report this situation to the registered office.